Beside the two National Park, the National Park of Gran Sasso and Monti della Laga and the National Park of Sibillini Mountains, there are 4 Regional parks, nature reserves, flower areas and state forests. Today we want you to know better.
The first one is the Regional Park of “Monte San Bartolo”, a beautiful place full of nature and landscapes situated in Pesaro, the city where we live. The Park covers an area of 1600 hectares of protected land and was established in 1994; the towns included in the park are Pesaro and Gabicce Mare. It has very striking landscapes: the cliffs, narrow pebbled beaches and coves and large agricultural areas. The vegetation of Mount San Bartolo is varied: there are oaks, hornbeams and rare species such as the flax sea, the reed and the bright brooms. The park is also rich in bird life – the peregrine falcon, the honey buzzards, the seabirds, the cormorants , the heron, the mute swan live there, but other types of animals can be found : the deer, the fox, the badger, the porcupine and the weasel. Walking tours and cycling routes all around the protected area are fully available. Must see attractions are the ancient villages of Gabicce Monte, Casteldimezzo Fiorenzuola, Santa Marina Alta and the amazing Baia Vallugola. Cultural interesting sites are: Villa Imperiale, Villa Caprile and the archeological area near Colombarone, boasting a villa built in the III century AD.
In the area of the Park there are many farm holydays and producers of Marche’s typical products such as wines, cheeses, olive oil, all to know and savor.
Another beautiful and spectacular Regional Park, is the Natural Regional Park of Sasso Simone and Simoncello, located at the border of the Province of Pesaro and Urbino. It covers an area of 4847 hectares of protected land and was established in 1996; the towns included in the park are: Carpegna, Montecopiolo, Pietrarubbia, Frontino, Piandimeleto. The surrounding landscape is hilly and mountainous; there are the Sasso Simone and Simoncello Mountains, Mount Canale and Mount Palazzolo. Mount Carpegna, reaching 1415 metres, is the highest Mount in the park and the watershed between the Foglia valley and the Marecchia Valley. The most typical trees in the park are: the beech, the fir tree , the maples , the ash, the holly and the turkey oak. A wide range of animals can be found: the bear , the lynx, the golden eagle, the roe deer, the porcupine, the badge, the hare and the fox. There are numerous viewpoints and scenic spots in the park. One of the most amazing site is Monteboaggine with its twelfth century watchtower overlooking the extensive fields of Monte Carpegna, Foglia and Conca valleys and Sassi Simone and Simoncello. In spring and autumn the whole area is a perfect destination for mushrooms hunters.
Not to be absolutely missed is the Natural Regional Park of Gola della Rossa and Frasassi that covers an area of 10.026 hectares of protected land in the Ancona Province. It was established in 1997 and the towns included in the park are: Arcevia, Cerreto d’Esi, Fabriano, Genga and Serra San Quirico. The Frasassi Caves, in the heart of the area, are the longest and among the most interesting in Italy with a 240 m high central chamber which is large enough to comfortably hold Milan cathedral. The protected area is a series of towering limestone gorges which provide the rocky habitat for several golden eagles as well as the peregrine falcons and the eagle owls. There are also other types of animals living in the park: the wild cat, the wolf, the porcupine and dozens of different species of bats. Among the cave-dweller species, we must mention an amphibious called “geotritone” . In the rocky parts of the gorges there are many species of flora, like the rare Moheringia papulosa; the limestone areas of the park are full of hornbeams; oaks and turkey oaks can be found in the sandstone substratum . In the southern part of the park Mediterranean vegetation is widespread. You can make interesting excursions and enjoy the typical flora and fauna of the pre-Apennines. Worth visiting are also many castles and monasteries in the nearby area.
The last Park we want to introduce you, is the The Regional Park of Conero Mountain that covers an area of about 6000 hectares of protected land in the Ancona province. It was established in 1997 and the towns included in the park are: Ancona, Camerano, Numana and Sirolo. Mount Conero, just south of Ancona, provides the only really rugged coastline in the Marche, rising spectacularly out of the sea to a height of just over 500 metres.; is boasts over a thousand species of wild plants, as well as a rich bird life, and several mammals suck as the badger, the fox, the weasel, the skunk and the hedgehog . There are with places of great charm: the bay of Portonovo, the riviera’s two chief resorts , Sirolo and Numana, the northern view-point, Pian Grande, Pian dei Raggetti, 18 hiking routes developing among strawberry trees, brooms, chestnut trees, oaks, olive trees, vineyards, maples and junipers in the magic Mediterranean maquis. There are different landscapes and environments in the protected area: the steep limestone cliffs, the hills, the agricultural areas, the valley floors, the wet lands, the coastal dunes, and the salt lakes in Portonovo bay. The park is a paradise for bird watchers; the many paths meet the requirements of those who love mountain biking, hiking and horseback riding. The cliffs are ideal for free climbing, the coastal water if perfect for diving, sailing, water skiing, windsurfing and kite surfing. The park also boasts remarkable geological, historic and artistic attractions: the rock carvings, the Roman caves, the Camerano caves , the Benedictine and Franciscan Monastery of San Pietro al Conero, the ruins of the hermitage of Saint Benedict, the beautiful Romanesque church of Santa Maria di Portonovo, the area archaeological site of the necropolis picena in Sirolo, the Fortino Napoleonico in Portonovo bay, a squat, blank-eyed fort built in 1808 by Napoleon’s Italian Viceroy to fight off English ships. The most typical products are: Rosso Conero, the outstanding red wine from the vineyards around Monte Conero, the mussels of Portonovo, honey and oil.